Enhancing Compression Level for More Efficient Compressed Sensing and Other Lessons from NMR Spectroscopy
Dariusz Gołowicz, Paweł Kasprzak and Krzysztof Kazimierczuk*
Modern nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR) is based on two- and higher-dimensional experiments that allow the solving of molecular structures, i.e., determine the relative positions of single atoms very precisely. However, rich chemical information comes at the price of long data acquisition times (up to several days). This problem can be alleviated by compressed sensing (CS)—a method that revolutionized many fields of technology. It is known that CS performs the most efficiently when measured objects feature a high level of compressibility, which in the case of NMR signal means that its frequency domain representation (spectrum) has a low number of significant points. However, many NMR spectroscopists are not aware of the fact that various well-known signal acquisition procedures enhance compressibility and thus should be used prior to CS reconstruction. In this study, we discuss such procedures and show to what extent they are complementary to CS approaches. We believe that the survey will be useful not only for NMR spectroscopists but also to inspire the broader signal processing community.